Rifles Issued to the Regiment
Issued to Company A, 35th
States Rifle, Model 1855 (“Harpers Ferry”) —
Adoption of the Minnie Bullet by the
Issued to 35th
In late September 1861 the 35th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment was issued a total of 556 obsolescent .69 caliber rifled muskets from the Washington Arsenal. The regiment appears to have drawn a mix of Austrian and Belgian weapons, and may have also received some U.S. Model 1842 rifled muskets. In addition, the 35th received 200 obsolete Belgian .69 caliber smoothbore muskets from the arsenal.
.69 caliber rifled muskets — Company E, 35th
Ø Albini Fusil d’infantrie, Model 1841/1853 — Belgian .69 caliber muzzle‑loading, rifled bore weapons made from earlier Model 1841 smoothbore percussion muskets. Fitted with a back-action lock, two simple barrel bands and a relatively large, elaborate nose cap. Used in the Belgian Army by line-infantry, grenadier, and chasseur regiments. This firearm was not considered well made or reliable.
Fusil d’infantrie, Model 1841 —
Belgian .69 caliber muzzle‑loading, smoothbore percussion muskets. Fitted with a back-action lock, two simple
barrel bands and a relatively large, elaborate nose cap. Used in the Belgian Army by line-infantry,
grenadier, and chasseur regiments. This
firearm was not considered well-made or reliable. The 35th
Ø United States Rifled Musket, Model 1842 — The rifled modification of the Model 1842 .69 caliber smoothbore, muzzle‑loading percussion musket. Between 1856 and 1859 the U.S. Government modified 14,300 selected Model 1842 smoothbore muskets to take advantage of the new Minnie type elongated ball. Barrels were rifled with three groove rifling. Long range rear sights were also added.
Issued to 74th
Rifle Musket, Model 1853 — The
second most widely used weapon of the Civil War was the British Enfield three‑band,
single‑shot, muzzle‑loading musket.
It was also the standard weapon for the British army between 1853‑1867. American soldiers liked it because its .577
caliber barrel allowed the use of .58 caliber ammunition used by both
States Rifle Musket, Model 1861 — With the slightly modified 1863 models, this was the
principal infantry weapon on both sides.
The Springfield Armory manufactured about 800,000 during the war, and
other sources furnished almost 900,000 more.
These figures include the 1861 and the two 1863 models. The Model 1861 was fundamentally the same as
the Model 1855 except that the percussion cap had replaced the unsatisfactory
Maynard Tape. Its over‑all length
was 56 inches, 3 7/8 inches shorter than the 1855. The .58 Minnie bullet
continued to be used in the Model 1861, and the barrel length remained 40
inches. It weighed about 9 3/4 pounds
with its 18‑inch triangular bayonet.
At its maximum effective range of 500 yards, under ideal conditions, 10
shots would make a 27‑inch pattern.
Extreme range was about 1,000 yards.
lt could be fired
about six times per minute. The
Springfield Armory made 265,129 of these Model 1861 rifle muskets between
January 1861 and December 1863. The 74th